Gender Inequality has become one of the biggest issues in the world especially in the developing countries where cultures and traditions are the starting force for interactions and decision-making in the communities. Even in the developed world, women still struggle to fare well among the men in offices, politics and most likely at homes. There are broader approaches to reduce gender inequality but these three simpler ways can produce effective results in the fight for equality.
Educate The Women.
Children of uneducated mothers mostly in Africa, Latin America, and Asia are likely to die young than children of educated mothers. Mothers that went through the secondary and tertiary levels of education enjoys the bigger knowledge of sanitation, healthy living and adequate food nutrition for their children than mothers that only have none or just primary-level education. In the case of HIV, educated pregnant mothers are likely to seek testing and aware that HIV can be transmitted through breastfeeding. Again, an educated mother knows that there is a lower risk-taking anti-retroviral drug during pregnancy if she is HIV positive in the case of mother-to-child transmission.
Educating the girls will brand them not just as beneficiaries of change but significant elements of change towards the development of the societies they live in. Malala Yousafzai relentlessly advocates for female education in her country Pakistan and around the world. Tatenda Ndambakuwa is passionate about solving the agricultural challenges in her country Zimbabwe via technology. There are thousands of educated and highly articulated women who are just like them, changing their worlds every minute of the day. Unfortunately, women make up two-thirds of the worlds 750 million of the illiterate population.
More Advocacy on Women’s Rights
Women’s Rights are human right. These right include right free from discrimination and violence, right to vote, right to be educated, right to own property and right to earn fair and decent salary amongst other rights. Women regardless of their gender must be given equal opportunities. They must have the right to decide who and when to get married, a convenient time to have children and the number of children to have. Genital mutilation is against the women’s right and must end. Every year, an estimated 3 million girls are at the risk of undergoing female genital mutilation. Mostly, this violation is practised in Africa, the Middle East and Asia with Egypt, Ethiopia and Nigeria have the highest number of cases. Luckily, many anti-FGM campaigns have sprung up to tackle the challenge. The international communities can support initiatives that aim to end FGM.
In Somalia, there are 31 female legislative in the South West states parliament, making it the highest participation of women in the country’s parliament than any other states in Somalia. It is a new development that will foster a move for constitutional reviews which will give women opportunities in present-day Somalia and in the future too. Policies that will include the welfare and participation of women and girls must be obligatory in all parts of the world. Government policy making processes must avoid stereotyping men and women and focus on the human rights approach. Women in the developing countries should be empowered to participate or facilitate community services and educate their communities on sanitation, mother-child healthy guidelines and other aspects of community and personal development.
Women are the backbone of agriculture in the rural areas. The energetic engagements of women in agriculture are very significant in agricultural development and food security. Women must be financially, legally and culturally enabled to own properties such as land. More women do more farm work than men in developing countries but only 20 percent are land owners.